1. Religious tales, warnings, lists of bad behavior.
Despite claimed deity demands, nobody has much improved in religions of the Book. The line-up to hell must remain long, and grim.
With lists of inclusions and exclusions in hand, many who did not reform their ways were put to the sword, however, or, just got fleeced or shamed. Time has made little difference. Fear is the main weapon, fear of dreadful consequence. Beheadings and rapes and tortures of some today are like the beheadings and rapes and tortures of yesteryear in earlier branches of Christendom. See http://worldwar1worldwar2.blogspot.com/2010/11/westerm-ethnic-violence-timeline-put.html. There are harsh enforcers of Commandments and lists of vices (Seven Deadly Sins and the like). See the various sins and prohibitions listed at FN 1.
The lists begin with the necessities for people living in a formed community, Proverbs, and Ten Commandments. The lists change, when there is not one community being addressed, but a new diverse community is being forged -- as in the New Testament post-Christ era with Paul's letter to the Galatians. Lots of new bad acts. There, dissent becomes a pejorative, and strife itself is a danger. Then, hundreds of years later when there is a strict canon of the newly forged Christian Church, attention then goes to the individual. The list further narrows and becomes rote, almost, as it repeats through Dante. Meanwhile, Church violence and fanatics took about 1500 years to play out their drive to kill off the opposition.
2. Fairy tales and fables.
Fear is also central to fairy tales that lived on long after history of forced conversions to Christianity: fear of the dark, the dark woods, the closet, the bad behavior of trolls and stepmothers and entities like Baba Yaga. The clever prevailed. Quests rewarded the persistent and the brave. But none of them changed behavior, except to kill off a giant, perhaps. Fate remained in charge.
Grimm's Fairy Tales, Briar Rose, joy of the king followed by vengeance of the thirteenth wise woman, Only a small softening of the doom foretold. My NY 1909, Arthur Rackham illustrator, edition.
With that history, and neither religion or fairy tale able to change systems, try a more secular adjustment to the lists of acts and sins, to expand and include those broader institutions, cultural moneymakers and not just wayward individuals. Can that make a difference: is there another motivator other than an angry deity or warts. Will the ideal of protecting children change adult behavior. Will stories of rewards work if tried just one more time.
Turn to the 2001 sculpture by Mihail Chemiakin, Mikail Shemyakin: children as victims of adult vices, Moscow.
This modern and child-focused presentation shows adults in or promoting addiction, prostitution, theft, alcoholism, ignorance, false teaching, indifference, promoting violence, sadism, loss of memory, child labor, poverty and war. Not the usual seven deadlies, but addressing institutional or overall cultural behaviors as well as the individual. Conditions are included, such as poverty; which perhaps properly only becomes a vice when one chooses to fail to exert, but that is a stretch and usually justifies the self-satisfaction, entitlement, supremacisms of the better-off. Some, like loss of memory, can mean a condition without voluntary acts, but it can also mean the mindset that refuses the memory of history. Can it?
Sculpture, Mihail Chemiakin, Mikail Shemaykin, Moscow: Children, victims, adult vices.
Will a verbal call to action work? Chemiakin has tried. It has not worked yet, even in its city, Moscow -- or ours, if this were here. The plaque is left to rot. Children may well be victims of adult vices. So? Read his words:
'I created the sculptural composition Children are the victims of adults' vices as a symbol and a call for action to save the living and the future generations. For many years it has been declared and pathetically exclaimed: "Children is (sic) our future!" However, it would take volumes to write down all the crimes of the society against children. I, as an artist, call upon you with this work to turn your beads backward to hear and behold all those sorrows and horrors our children have to suffer nowadays. All sensible and honest people should stop and think before it is too late. Don't be indifferent! Fight and do your best to save Russia's future.'The figures in Moscow's installation echo fairy tale and religious concepts as well as the ever-present cash in money bags, or underlying the motivation. Money at the root of all. If that is the case, it is fruitless to attack the behavior without the motivation behind the promoter.
- And the children are blindfolded, as is False Teaching, False science. What forms of culture require what blindfolds. Forms of blindfolds: Review Putin's Patriotic Youth Camps, the Putin Youth perhaps, at Time, http://content.time.com/time/photogallery/0,29307,1646809,00.html and Radio Free Europe, http://www.rferl.org/content/article/1060055.html
- Once upon a time, there was a little child seen in the village with his eyes bound shut. What is that, asked the shoemaker, coming closer. And so on....
Is this the lesson in this morality tale: that indeed money reward and advantage to self is the only lasting promise that changes people, not threats of hell. If so, how to deflect it to promote behavior that benefits all, or at least, the children,here blindfolded while vices watch and wait, with open arms. Use money wisely, perhaps, and in that direction. Can we then let the children see, and be proud. Details of the sculpture in Moscow: see http://russiaroadways.blogspot.com/2015/08/children-are-victims-of-adult-vices.html.
Why the indifference? It is the central vice, the tall one in the center, like a cross. Is there no money to be made in fighting losing battles? Is it easier not to see, to hear.
As to religion, has Theo left the room. And all those old sins made money for the religions who collected for getting people off the hell list. Now the religions come up short on cash while the money is being made by those engaging in vices or promoting them. Religion won, in that its adage of money at the root of evil has proven true; it has lost because it dropped the banner. The banner of highlighting need for change has passed to the roughly secular world, is that so.
The fairy tales also did nothing to change systems, but only to reward the clever children who overcame. Meanwhile, adults continued to starve them, leave them in the woods, slice and dice them.
So the institutions and the mega-financiers and any others who foster vices to protect their own interest have been the winners. Can any approach turn the tide?
A. Deuteronomy 5:21ff Commandments.
Very close to Exodus. Exodus 20 Ten Commandments: See http://www.scripture4all.org/OnlineInterlinear/OTpdf/deu5.pdf; and then http://www.scripture4all.org/OnlineInterlinear/OTpdf/exo20.pdf.
Here the roughest of summaries of topic from the Exodus cite, for purposes of comparison with later lists of sins, seven deadly etc.
How to act, an individual, within your community.
1) no gods to replace the face of Elohim. [Does that version, if correct, suggest it is acceptable to make the face of Elohim, just not to put another god's face there instead?]
2) make no carving or other representation of heaven, earth, waters under earth; do not bow down to any such representation or serve them. [Does that suggest it is the bowing down that is the problem, not the making a representation?] I Jahweh Elohim am a jealous God who visits depravity of the fathers on the sons on third and fourth generations of those hating God and doing kindness to those loving God and following instructions
3) do not use name of God for futility
4) remember the sabbath (rest here is traditional)
5) glorify your father and your mother
6) not you shall murder (A specific form of kill. Does not say do not kill)
7) not you shall commit adultery (sex of a married person with a person not his or her spouse) [so sex among unmarried persons is ok? go, tell it on the mountains]
8) not you shall steal
8) not you shall answer in associate of you testimony of falsehood [associate , not neigbbor. These were nomads, not in fixed dwellings so as to have neighbors?]
10) not you shall covet house of associate of you not you shall covet woman of associate of you [the term is not "wife", as found also in Genesis, no "wife" -- word is "woman" - no marriage contract? just purchase of property?] and servant of him and maidservant of him and bull of him and donkey of him and any which to associate of you.
B. Further lists and prohibitions.
Old Testament Proverbs 6:16-20; the seven abhorrences. Visit http://www.scripture4all.org/OnlineInterlinear/OTpdf/pro6.pdf. Literal translation, find no concern with sex at all -- must be elsewhere?
1) "abhorrence of soul of him eyes ones being exalted" (proud look);
2) "tongue of falsehood" (lying tongue);
3) "hands ones shedding blood innocent" (hands that shed innocent blood);
4) heart one-engrossing devisings-of lawlessness (a heart that devises wicked imaginings) [is lawlessness always wicked?];
5) "feet ones-making-haste to to-run-of to evil" (feet that are swift to run into mischief);
6) "he-is-puffing lies witness-of falsehood (false witness) and
7) one-sending (forth) quarrels between brothers" (sowing discord among brethren);
- Then find (emphases added): a prohibition not just against disobeying instructions of the father, but of the law of the mother:
"preserve-you son-of-me instruction-of father of-you and must-not (be) you-are-abandoning law-of mother-of-you"[So, culturally and religiously, the father gives instruction but the mother lays down the law -- not patriarchy, that?] Read on about other prohibitions againast exploiting weakness of the men, diatribes against evil women, etc.
C. New Testament Paul's Epistle, Galatians 5:19-21 (see http://www.scripture4all.org/OnlineInterlinear/NTpdf/gal5.pdf) literal translation and that offered as the narrative translation.
These go beyond personal behavior required as a member of a community. Here, community standards as a new group of Christians were still evolving and conformity to what conformity the leader said is needed to be a Christian is laid out. To be feared are internal divisions. See FN 2 for dictionary and other definitions sources:
1) No adultery (sex with someone who is married, unless you are married to the person) (note no prohibition on fornication?)
2) No prostitution (sex for money).
3) No uncleanness. (follow religious laws for cleanness).
4) No wantonneses. (no infliction of pain or suffering on others, no recklessness)
5) No idolatry. (no worship of an object as though the object were God).
6) No drugging, enchantments (did non-Christians, indigenous cultures, engage in these in rituals?).
7) No enmities (no deep-seated antagonisms.
8) No strifes (Greek ereis) (conflict?).
9) No boilings (jealousy)
10) No Furies (no endlessness, punishments and jealous raging, from the Greek Furies)
11) No strifes (Greek eritheiai) (factions) (divisions or dissensions)
12) No two-stands (Greek dichostasia) dissensions again?
13) No sects (Greek haireseis) (preferences?)
14-17) No envy, murders, drunkenness, revelries
The narrative that evolved from these terms increasingly focus on doctrine and are later the basis for further demarcations on degree of sin: idolatry, sorcery, hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife, seditions, heresies, envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, "and such like". Since the apostle Paul goes on to say that the persons who practice these sins "shall not inherit the Kingdom of God", they are usually listed as (possible) mortal sins rather than capital vices.
D. Post-canonical. The 4th Century. Evagrius Ponticus
Evagrius Ponticus was a monk who wrote out a list of eight as evil thoughts. See www.religionfacts.com/christianity/lists/deadly-sins/.
And lust is included, but not words for adultery or fornication.
Ranked from least to most serious in terms of increasing fixation on the self, are
2) lust (intense desire, pleasure, sensuous appetite, see http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=lust&searchmode=none), What if you don't act it out?
4) sadness (despair, despondency?) (NEW),
6). acedia (negligent torpor, listless not caring),
7) vainglory (ostentatious vanity), (NEW) and
8) pride. No sloth, no envy, but he adds the sadness and ostentatious vanity.
Compared to the later Seven Deadly Sins, where is sloth? envy?
- Sloth. Then again, spiritual sloth was part of acedia, see http://www.deadlysins.com/history/, so in that sense, sloth was included as a mental state, perhaps a discouragement, just not referring as we may to physical laziness slugabed.
- Envy: sometimes seen as sadness at the good fortune of someone else, so in that sense, sadness may include it here, see Philokalia (4th-15th Century texts from Greek, do an overview at Wiki)
F. 1265-74. Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologica. Sins take on an intellectual life of their own, a mind-dance, apart from the sinner and effect on others, see http://www.newadvent.org/summa/2072.htm
G. 1308-21 or so. Dante Alighieri's Divine Comedy : traditional list, see http://www.danteinferno.info/7-deadly-sins.html
See overviews, generally list stays in same parameters, see Wiki for Seven Deadly Sins. Why not just love your God, if that is your bent; and love your neighbor as yourself?
Go back to the Moscow monument, children paying for bad acts of adults, has deep roots in religion, from the western Christian conservative (see http://carm.org/bible-difficulties/genesis-deuteronomy/do-sons-bear-sins-fathers-or-not) to the Orthodox also grappling with the issue, see http://www.orthodoxchristianity.net/forum/index.php?topic=25371.0/. Here, see the cultural idea move from the religious context, into the visual secular.
Cultural concepts like these do not necessarily take the form of tales told through generations, but are ideas of moral admonitions or insights that may begin as religious admonitions or warnings, then cross cultural boundaries, through applications of science and art.
One Orthodox reference notes (in a post disputed for plagiarism, not the issue here) notes larger categories for many of these: forgetfulness, negligence, sinful craving. See
H. ROOTS, USED IN OLD AND NEW TESTAMENTS
FN 2. Roots of words. Translations - all have agendas, in that the translator has a variety of choices.
2) prostitution (in translation this money-making in sex becomes the more general fornication, any sex outside of marriage, a different matter);
3) uncleanness (morally impure, not permitted by religious law) (no change);
4) wantonness (wantonness means willingness to inflict pain and suffering on others, recklessness, see http://www.merriam-webster.com/thesaurus/ ): this changes to lasciviousness in translation, meaning specifically lewd or lustful, see http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/lascivious)
6) drugging (enchantment). Enchantment idea can be positive, see http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/enchantment?s=t/ This becomes witchcraft; see craft of witches, deriving magic from evil spirits, see http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/witchcraft
7) enmities. This deep-seated animosity accelerates into hatred;
8) strifes. This becomes a reach of authority to include not just conflict, but variances, to include mere divergences, anomalous behaviors even if they are not conflict-ridden
9) boilings (jealousy). This becomes emulations, newer? desire to equal or excel others, old: a jealous rivalry, see http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/emulation,
10) furies; this becomes merely wrath. In the Greek (and Roman), the Furies were Allecto, Tisiphone and Megaera, or Endless, Punishment and Jealous Rage: "female spirits of justice and vengeance" originating in the primeval, not the later usual creation of gods and goddesses, who could drive evildoers mad. They punished in the world, and tortured in the underworld. See http://www.mythencyclopedia.com/Fi-Go/Furies.html
11) factions, another form of strife. This becomes, magically, seditions and heresies both -- suggesting an already formed ideological structure permitting no deviations. These are clearly later in time, when there is a formed canon, rules against which inclusions and exclusions can be measured and enforced.
- Seditions: rebellious disorders, a rising or commotion not quite up but could be, to an insurrection or rebellion (see http://av1611.com/kjbp/kjv-dictionary/sedition.html; http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/sedition
11) two-stands (?) or dissensions; not separately translated. Greek "dichostasiai". Looks same as 'standing apart' or divisions.
- Heresies: the holding of unorthodox, controversial or dissenting opinions, see http://www.thefreedictionary.com/heresies/ How to have heresies before orthodoxy has firmed?
- False teachings, see http://www.catholic.com/tracts/the-great-heresies
12) preferences, or sects. Not translated; and the rest also are using unchanged translations:
17) and the like